Different Uses Of Modern Computer System In our Society
A Computer is an advanced electronic device that takes raw data as input from the user and process these data under the control of some set of instructions (called programs) and gives the result (output) on the required format and saves the output for the future use. A Computer can process both numerical and non-numerical (arithmetic and logical) calculations.
Also Check:Advantages And Disadvantages of Computer
Nowadays, computers are widely used everywhere. Below are the list of different applications of computer system in today’s arena.
- Health Care
- Engineering Design
- Traffic System
Speed, accuracy, reliability and versatility of computer made it an integrated part of the all business organizations. Computer can be used in business organizations for payroll calculations, budgeting, sales analysis, financial forecasting, managing employee database, maintenance of stocks etc.
Today’s banking is almost totally dependent of computer. Banks provide the following facility that is totally dependable of computer.
Almost all type of banking operations like account opening, closing, deposit, over draft, interest charges, shares and other trusty records are maintained using computer. ATM machines are making it even easier for customers to deal with the bank.
Computers are also helpful for the insurance companies to keep all the records up-to-date. Insurance companies, finance houses. Stock brooking firms are widely using the computers for their work. They are maintaining database of all clients with information showing procedure to continue with the policies, starting date of policies, next due date for instalment of a policy, maturity date, interest dues, survival benefits, bonus etc.
Computer has provided lots of facility to the education system. Computer provides a tool in the education system known as CBE (Computer Based Education). CBE involves in control, delivery and evaluation of learning. Computer education is rapidly increasing the number of students. Several methods are used by the educational institute to teach students using computer.
Using computers advertising professional create art and graphics, write and revise the same before print and publish over the streaming media. General people able to shop online for their required goods using computer.
Computers have become important part in hospital. Labs, dispensaries. Computers are used in hospitals to keep the record of patients there tests and medicine. It is also used in scanning and diagnosing different disease. ECG, EEG, Ultrasounds and CT Scans etc. are also done using computerized system.
Some major fields of Health care in which computers are used are:
- Diagnostic System: Computers are used to collect data and identify the cause of illness.
- Lab-diagnostic System: All tests are done and reports are prepared using computers.
- Patient Monitoring System: Computers are used to check patient’s signs for abnormality such as in Cardiac arrest, ECG etc.
- Pharma Information System: Computer checks drug-labels, expiry dates, harmful drugs side effect etc.
- Surgery: Computers are also used in performing surgery.
Computers are also used in engineering purpose. CAD (Computer Aided Design) and CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) are the two major areas in Engineering that provides creation and modification of engineering drawings. Some fields are
- Structural Engineering: Requires Stress and strain analysis for design of ships, building, airplanes and other products.
- Industrial Engineering: Computer deals with design, implementation, and improvement of integrated systems of people, material and equipment.
- Architectural Engineering: Computers help in planning towns, designing buildings, determining a range of buildings on a site using both 2D and 3D drawings.
Computers are largely used in defence, modern tanks, missiles, weapons etc. Military also employs control system. It can be used for missile control, military communication, military operation and planning, smart weapons etc.
Nowadays road traffic are also controlled by the computer system. Using CCTV cameras, we are able to view the entire city from a computer screen.
Communication means to convey a message, an idea, a picture or speech that is received and understood clearly and correctly by the person for whom it is meant for. Email, Social Media, Usenet, FTP, Telnet, Video conferencing etc. are the main areas in the communication category in computer system.
Computers play an important role in Government system. Some major areas of Govt. in this category are
- Sales tax department
- Income tax department
- Male/Female Ratio
- Computerization of voters list
- Computerization of driving license system
- Computerization of PAN card
- Weather forecasting
- Maintain all the government records on a single place. Etc.